Purchasing a property unmarried couples
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Need legal advice relating to a purchasing a property as an unmarried couple? Our knowledgeable family law solicitors in Leeds are here to help. We have a team of highly experienced family law solicitors lead by Laura Clapton who is renowned in the field of Family Law & Family Mediation.
Firstly it is important to state that unmarried couples do not have the same legal rights as married couples.
When purchasing a property, when you are not married it is important at the outset to consider how the property is going to be owned.
There are two ways to own a property with your partner:
A property can be owned as Joint Tenants. This is where both individuals share equal ownership of the property and have equal rights to keep or dispose of the property.
When you own the property as Joint Tenants:
- You have equal rights to the whole property.
- The property automatically goes to the other owner if either of you dies;
- You cannot pass on your ownership of the property in your will.
Alternatively, the property can be owned as Tenants in Common. This is where both individuals co-own the property and each co-owner owns a specific share in the property.
As Tenants in Common:
- You can own different shares of the property;
- The property does not automatically go to the other owner if you die;
- You can pass on your share of the property in your will.
If the property is owed as Tenants in Common, it is very important to consider making a Will to ensure that your share is left to who you wish. If you intend to own the property in unequal shares then it is a good idea to agree a Declaration of Trust setting out how you intend to own the property.
A Declaration of Trust may be used in the following scenario, by way of example:
Ms Taylor’s parents gave her £20,000 as a deposit towards purchasing a house with Mr Smith. Mr Smith did not pay any of the deposit, but he is named on the property and intends to pay equally towards the mortgage payments with Ms Taylor. Ms Taylor may wish to draft a Declaration of Trust which states that the first £20,000 of the equity in the house is hers should the property be sold and the remaining amount split equally.
Steps for Unmarried Couples
There are steps that unmarried couples can undertake to protect themselves when they are considering purchasing a property with their partner.
- Consider how you will deal with the property in the event that you separate and have this conversation at the outset to minimise uncertainly, hostility and ultimately legal costs;
- Does the ownership of the property reflect how you would distribute the property in the event that you separate? If the answer to this is no, then you need to consider owning the property as Tenants in Common and agree to a Declaration of Trust clearly setting out how you intend to own the property with the other owner, for example, 70% to Mr Smith and 30% to Mrs Taylor;
- Is either party making an unequal contribution to the property? If so, do you still intend to share the equity in the property equally should you separate in the future? If the answer to this is no then you need to seek independent legal advice on ways to protect your interest in the property.
If you are considering purchasing a property, it may be very useful to consider a Cohabitation Agreement. The agreement will incorporate both parties’ rights and responsibilities in respect of the property.
Severing a Joint Tenancy
If you own the property as Joint Tenants and you have separated from your spouse or former partner then you may wish to serve the tenancy and hold the property as Tenants in Common. In that case, in the event of death, you can leave your share to whom you desire.
For more information, speak to one of our experienced family solicitors on 0113 322 9222 or firstname.lastname@example.org or complete our contact us form.
Free Initial Discussion
At Consilia Legal our Family Law team are highly experienced in dealing with all family legal matters. If you would like to have a confidential free initial discussion surrounding this family matter please contact our family law team on 0113 322 9222 or email@example.com
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